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Learning Styles

Characteristics of a Visual Learner:
 
·         Reader/observer
·         Scans everything; wants to see things, enjoys visual stimulation
·         Enjoys maps, pictures, diagrams, and color
·         Needs to see the teacher’s body language/facial expression to fully understand
·         Not pleased with lectures
·         Daydreams; a word, sound or smell causes recall and mental wandering
·         Usually takes detailed notes
·         May think in pictures and learn best from visual displays
 
 
 
 
Make your Learning Style work for you!
 
Visual Learners:
 
·         Have a clear view of your teachers when they are speaking so you can see their body language and facial expression
·         Use color to highlight important points in text
·         Illustrate your ideas as a picture and use mind maps
·         Use multi-media such as computers or videos.
·         Study in a quiet place away from verbal disturbances
·         Visualize information as a picture to aid learning
·         Make charts, graphs and tables in your notes.
·         Participate actively in class—this will keep you involved and alert
·         When memorizing material, write it over and over
·         Keep pencil and paper handy so you can write down good ideas.

 
Characteristics of an Auditory Learner:
 
·         Interpret the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed and other nuances
·         Prefers directions given orally
·         Seldom takes notes or writes things down
·         Prefers lectures to reading assignments
·         Often repeats what has just been said; talks to self
 
 
 
 
 
Make your Learning Style work for you!
 
Auditory Learners:
·         Think aloud and talk to yourself
·         Participate in class discussions/debates
·         Make speeches and presentations
·         Read text out loud—especially when proofreading or when tired
·         Create musical jingles and mnemonics to aid memorization
·         Use a tape recorder
·         Discuss your ideas verbally with a friend or small group
·         Use verbal analogies
·         When doing math computations by hand, use graph paper to help you keep your columns aligned
·         Recite information over and over to better memorize material
·         You may want to sit near the side or back of the classroom where there is less visual stimulation
 

 
 
Characteristics of a Tactile/Kinesthetic Learner:
 
·         The “Do-er”
·         Needs to touch, handle, manipulate materials and objects, especially while studying or listening
·         Counts on fingers and talks with hands
·         Good at drawing designs
·         Often doodles while listening, thus processing information
·         Good at sports, mechanics, using appliances and tools
·         Often adventurous
·         May find it hard to sit still for long periods
·         May become distracted by their need for activity and exploration
 
 
Make your Learning Style work for you!
 
Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners:
·         Take frequent study breaks and vary your activities
·         Make studying more physical—work at a standing desk, chew gum, pace while memorizing. read while on an exercise bike, mold a piece of clay, squeeze a tennis ball
·         Use bright colors to highlight reading material
·         Dress up your work space with posters and color
·         Play music in the background while you study
·         When reading, first skim through the whole thing to get a feel for what its about, then read the chapter carefully
·         Use spatial note taking techniques such as mind mapping
·         Visualize complex projects from start to finish before beginning—this will allow you to keep the big picture in mind